State Based FAQs


What are the new Queensland legislation requirements?

Queensland residential properties leased or sold after January 1, 2022 need to be fitted with photoelectric, interconnected smoke alarms in all bedrooms of the home as well as in hallways or between areas containing bedrooms. The smoke alarm legislation will ensure the Queensland households are among the safest in the country.

What are the key deadlines surrounding Queensland Legislation?

New Queensland smoke alarm legislation came into effect from January 1, 2017 following a coronial inquest into the fatal 2011 Slacks Creek house fire.

  • From January 1, 2017, all new builds must meet the requirements.
  • From January 1, 2022, all dwellings sold or leased and Government-owned housing must comply
  • By January 1, 2027, all domestic dwellings must comply, which includes homeowners.

You can find a handy Queensland Fire and Emergency Services factsheet here. Don’t risk non-compliance!

What is the difference in smoke alarm requirements between pre QLD 2022 and current legislation?

Class 1a & 2 properties only


Pre 2022

After Jan 1st 2017

From Jan 1st 2022

By Jan 1st 2027


Applies to


Existing homes

All new or substantially renovated homes

All sold or leased, and government owned homes


All homes


All alarms tested and cleaned 30 days before tenancy change or renewal



Landlord: to replace flat batteries and expired alarms

Tenants: to replace batteries as required

Australian Standard

AS 3786:2014



At bedroom exit points and at least one smoke alarm on each level

In all bedrooms, at bedroom exit points and at least one smoke alarm on each level

Power Source

9 volt (pre-1997), 10yr battery, 240 volt hardwired

10yr non-removable lithium battery or 240 volt hardwired with 9 volt battery backup


Ionisation or Photoelectric

Photoelectric only



Dwellings constructed after 2014, must be inter- connected to each other

All alarms interconnected via wiring and/or RF (radio frequency) wireless

When upgrading your property to current Queensland legislation with Smoke Alarm Solutions, an Ultimate Subscription is required in addition to the cost of required alarms.
Our Subscription includes:
- initial inspection and installation of smoke alarms required to comply with current state requirements (alarm prices are detailed below)
- attendance at tenancy change or renewal to ensure ongoing compliance
- reattendance for faulty or beeping alarms and access to our 24/7 emergency line*
- compliance report following all inspections as record or our attendance
If you do not require our ongoing services, a once-off attendance fee of $100.00 will be charged for installation
*For 24/7 Emergency service terms and conditions, please visit


Our Smoke Alarm Brands

All smoke alarms installed by Smoke Alarm Solutions will be:

•           compliant to AS 3786:2014

•           powered by 10yr battery or 240 volt mains power wired and/or use wireless interconnection

•           photoelectric type technology

Price $124.00 $175.00 $229.00
Warranty 7 Years 240V Hardwired - 5 Years, Battery Opperated 10 Years 240V Hardwired - 5 Years, Battery Opperated 10 Years
Controller $40.00 N/A N/A
Made In China TBC Europe

 All of our available smoke alarm products and their relevant manuals can be found here.

How much does it cost to upgrade the alarms within my property to Queensland 2022 legislation?
To upgrade to 2022 Queensland legislation, there will be a $129 Ultimate Subscription fee plus we will install the required number of alarms for $124 each. Please click here to view our service brochure or click here for an instant quote or to book the upgrade.
How do I schedule the upgrade of my smoke alarms?

If your rental property is managed by a real estate, you can download the Landlord Authority Form here and either return it to Smoke Alarm Solutions via email or have your Property Manager send to us directly. If you are a self-managed landlord, please click here for an instant quote or to book the upgrade.

What to look for when comparing alarm prices?

Smoke Alarm Solutions installs Emerald Alarms for $124 each. This is a fixed cost and includes installation, hard-wiring and radio frequency bases where required. Since we started installing Emerald Alarms.

We are finding some providers are opting to install less reputable and more unreliable smoke alarms. These providers do not provide ongoing maintenance of the alarms and no return visit guarantee meaning a landlord may need to replace smoke alarms at another cost.

As the leading provider of smoke alarm maintenance and compliance in QLD, we select the highest quality products which are great value for property owners. Our Ultimate Subscription includes ongoing servicing of alarms throughout the year and we offer a 7 year warranty on the Emerald Alarms we install. We don’t compromise on quality.

When quoting, how do you do to decide the number of alarms?

We install alarms in the required locations as stipulated by the Federal and state legislation.

Smoke Alarm Laws means, in respect of Enrolled Properties in:
(a)    Queensland - Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (Qld); Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008 (Qld) and the Electrical Safety Act 2002 (Qld), and the 2022 Qld Legislation;
(b)    South Australia - Development Act 1993 (SA); Residential Tenancies Act 2010 (SA) and the Electricity Act 1996 (SA); and                                                           
(c)    Victoria - Victoria Building Act 1993 (Vic); Residential Tenancies Amendment Act 2018 (Vic); and the Electricity Safety Act 1998 (Vic).

In Queensland, we define a bedroom as a habitable room that:

  • is enclosed by a door, and
  • has a window or skylight, and
  • has walls that meet the ceiling, and
  • has a built in wardrobe, where the property has built-in wardrobes, and
  • excludes garages

Important note: We are not building surveyors. We are simply applying the BCA standards as a guideline in defining a standard bedroom.

Does your Queensland property have more than seven bedrooms?

For ease and convenience, we provide a handy quoting resource for properties with less than seven bedrooms. These prices can be found on our Landlord Authority Form or via our online enrolment process.

If your property has seven or more bedrooms, please email us at with your floor plan and your contact details and we will provide you a quote.

Does your field team have a Queensland Building and Construction Commission Licence?

We are a fully qualified and fully-insured electrical contracting company with a team of experienced electricians inhouse who are comprehensively trained in the new legislation requirements to conduct the upgrade installation. We service multiple states across Australia, each with different legal requirements.

Here are our Electrical Contractor Licence Numbers: QLD 79012 | VIC 24826 | SA PGE 267458.

How does interconnection between smoke alarms occur between multiple levels of a property?

We're able to interconnect our alarms over multiple levels by radio frequency identification (RFID) technology where wiring is not a suitable option. The RFID module is already contained in the base of these smoke alarm models.

How much are penalties if you fail to comply to relevant state based legislation?

Failing to comply with the requirements of the domestic smoke alarm legislation may incur penalties in the form of a fine or potential prosecution.

The value of a fine is dependent on which part of the legislation a person has breached.  

Penalty units are outlined in the Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 and the penalty unit value for 2019/2020 is $133.45, this value is amended yearly on 1 July.

For example: for failing to replace a smoke alarm that is older than 10 years from date of manufacture, the maximum penalty is 5 penalty units: 5 penalty units x $133.45 = $667.25.

The smoke alarm laws are in place for the protection of every Queenslander, QFES take non compliance seriously.

Can I buy a photoelectric alarm from a retailer and install it myself?

There are many factors to consider to meet the 2022 requirements which is why we recommend working with a specialist. There are strict location requirements, along with an overlying rule that any existing hardwired alarms must remain hardwired for 2022 legislation, meaning that depending on your current alarms you may still require an electrician to attend.

As the leader in the smoke alarm compliance industry, our data gives us a good indication on overall trends. We find on average 18% of all properties we attend where the owner or landlord has contracted a local handyman or electrician to complete the upgrade to the 2022 legislation has not met the requirements, resulting in the potential for the owner to pay twice.

What’s the difference between ionisation and photoelectric smoke alarms?

Photoelectric alarms are recommended by all fire authorities in Australia and they are most effective in real fire situations. Instead of sounding when toast is burnt or steam from a shower is present, photoelectric smoke alarms detect slow smouldering fires. Photoelectric smoke alarms are therefore less likely to be removed due to false sounding. Learn more.


How much does it cost to comply my property with Victorian or South Australian smoke alarm legislation?

If you would like us to comply the smoke alarms in your property with the current Victorian or South Australian smoke alarm legislation, you can do so for a cost of $99 per annum. All required for compliance installations and replacements are included to ensure your property complies. You can enrol your property directly here or view our Victorian and South Australian service brochure here for more information. 

What are the new Victorian legislation requirements?

New Victorian rental laws came into effect on March 29, 2021. You can find additional information about these changes via our website here or Consumer Affairs Victoria here.